Foreign education has never been a common phenomenon until 2010 when we witnessed a massive peak of 210,649 Indian students studying abroad.

A new wave of medical aspirants shifted abroad at an enormous scale in the last 10 years.

Factors that push Indian students to choose other countries are the unfavorable circumstances of India’s medical education system.

More than 13,00,000 students apply for the NEET exam every year against 60,000 total medical seats in India.

A lethal engagement of competition to secure seats crushes the dreams of many students. Crores of fees charged by private institutions and 50% seats for reserved category leaves no option but to study abroad.

Given below is the comparison between MBBS in India Vs. MBBS abroad to help you figure out the most lucrative option for your career.

MBBS in India vs MBBS Abroad: A Brief Overview

Here are the quick highlights of medical courses in India:

Particulars MBBS in India MBBS Abroad
Name of the Course Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) Doctor of Medicine (M.D)
Duration of Course 5.5 years (4.5 years + 1 year internship) 5/ 5.5/ 6 years (including internship)
Basic Eligibility 12 Science
50% PCB Score
Age 17 – 15 Years
12 Science
50% PCB Score
Age 17 – 15 Years
Avg Tuition Fees 20,000 – 7,00,000 (Govt)
20,00,000 – 1 Cr. (Pvt)
15 – 60 lakhs Per Annum

Note: The details mentioned in the respective table are subject to vary as per the university.

Scenario of MBBS in India

A brief picture of MBBS colleges and course in India:

As per the reports of 2019, A 14.4% spike was shown in the registration of NEET applicants.

The numbers are anticipated to escalate in the coming years. Comparison of this demand against 542 NMC approved colleges in India exposes incompatibility to adjust all the students. It gives heat to tremendous competition among the students.

Government colleges get the highest preferences due to their legitimate education, infrastructure, faculty, and low amount of tuition fees.

On the contrary, Private colleges are more costly, and not all of them have excellent education quality.


Share of Indian Students Overseas at 4 Leading Destinations 2016Share of Indian Students Overseas at 4 Leading Destinations 2000


Attributes of India

Check out all the relevant aspects related to medical course in India:


Course duration

All India duration of MBBS course in India is 4.5 years. An additional year is dedicated to internship programs, which are organized in reputable hospitals.


Course syllabus – subjects

Phases Semesters Subjects
Pre-Clinical 1st – 2nd Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology
Para-Clinical 3rd – 5th Community Medicine, Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical Postings, OPDs
Clinical 6th – 9th Community Medicine, Medicine, and Allied Subjects, (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obst, Gynac, Pediatrics, Surgery and Allied Subjects (Anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics), Clinical Postings


Eligibility criteria

The NEET examination’s performance determines the entry of the students into the colleges of MBBS. However, a basic qualification is apart from the clearance of NEET is as follows:

  • Completion of 12th Science with state/CBSE or any recognized board.
  • Subjects like Biology, Chemistry, Physics must be elected in 12th grade.
  • The student must have acquired at least 50% in PCB subjects.
  • The minimum age of the candidates should be 17 or 25 maximum.


Entrance examination

National Testing Agency (NTA) is the main medical body that organizes the NEET examination. In 2019, NTA officially replaced all Indian medical entrances with the examination of NEET.


Admission procedure

  • No specific process conducted for admission in Indian medical colleges.
  • An entrance (NEET) is taken for distributed medical seats to grant admission.
  • A merit list is declared based on the score secured in the examination.
  • Selected candidates will be called for a counseling round of medical.


Cost of studies

There is a huge gap between the fees charged by govt and private medical colleges in India. Government colleges have inexpensive tuition fees ranging from 11,000 – 7,50,000. On the other hand, private colleges are too costly where the fee starts with 20,00,000 – 80,00,000 depending on the institutes.


Top medical colleges in India

College Name Status Founded Courses Total Fees
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (AIIMS) Public 1956 11 2.04K
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh Private 1962 61
Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu Private 1918 64 54K
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh Private 1983 22
Dr.S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur, Rajasthan Public 1965 26

MBBS in India: Pros & Cons

Advantages of taking MBBS education in India:

Pros Cons
High quality education Insufficient medical seats
Experienced and qualified staff Bottleneck of competition
Internship in reputed hospitals Costly private institutes
Cheap govt medical colleges Lack of medical infrastructure

Scenario of Foreign Universities

A brief picture of MBBS colleges and course in foreign universities:

In 2000, 59% of the students studying abroad would prefer the USA followed by Australia (7%), U.K. (6%), Canada (1%). The share of the U.S. dropped by 40% in 2016, which was occupied by other emerging countries, came into the picture of foreign education.

In recent years, the most popular destinations for pursuing MBBS courses are Russia, Ukraine, China, Kazakhstan, and the Philippines. The task of selecting the right choice of country and the international university is a discursive part of studying abroad. The majority of the students go through consultation services, which is another crucial decision.

Read More: How to select the best overseas education consultancy to study mbbs abroad?

Attributes of MBBS abroad

Check out all the relevant aspects related to medical courses in abroad:


Course duration

Although the course’s duration varies from country to country, the average number of years required to become a doctor is 6 years in international universities.

Kyrgyzstan has only five years of MBBS course while many countries have six years duration that too exceeds by a year of internship.


Eligibility criteria

  • NEET qualification is compulsory for MBBS admission in all countries.
  • 50% score in 12 science with PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) subjects.
  • Student’s age has to be a minimum of 17 years old and maximum of 25 years.


Entrance examination

Last year, NTA (National Testing Agency) made it compulsory to pass the NEET examination to accept eligibility of MBBS admission for Indian students. Some universities have their independent entrances, though clearance of NEET examination stays constant.


Admission process

  • Foreign universities have their official websites to send application forms.
  • Students are expected to fill in accurate data and attach all the documents.
  • Admission authority delivers the invitation letter after the verification.
  • Students are required to make the payment of tuition fees for the first year.
  • The student’s VISA application process starts right after receiving the confirmation of admission.


Cost of studies

Indians are extremely conscious about their budget when it comes to studying abroad. There are general myths or misconceptions among Indians that learning in other countries is very expensive.

Highly developed nations like the U.S, U.K, Australia, Canada, etc., are indeed overpriced. There are many countries like Ukraine, Russia, and China that offer world-class education at affordable fees.


Student’s VISA acquisitions

Foreign embassies accept a Student visa to allow international students to study their territories. The procedure of VISA acquisition is quite complicated and time-consuming if you don’t organize all the documents property.

A list of original documents, academic certificates, passports, bank statements, and an invitation letter of admission is essential for processing a visa.


Best countries for studying MBBS abroad

Country Course Duration Annual Fees Top University
Ukraine 6 Years 3,15,000 Bogomolets National Medical University
Bangladesh 5 Years 7,00,000 Dhaka National Medical College
Georgia 6 Years 2,80,000 Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University
Kyrgyzstan 6 Years 2,50,000 Osh State Medical University
Russia 6 Years 5,80,000 Lomonosov Moscow State University


  • Fees mentioned in the table differs from university to university.
  • An extra year of internship extends the main course duration.

MBBS Abroad: Pros & Cons

Advantages of taking MBBS education other countries:

Pros Cons
Budget-friendly education Clearance of NEXT exam
No donation or capitation Language barrier
International Exposure Complicated entrances
Advanced Technology Food and culture barrier
Practical medical curriculum Environment adaptability
Globally recognized courses Safety inconvenience


Any medical aspiration’s ultimate motive is to deserve a premium level of education with innumerable career opportunities. Cost affordability, academic environment, practical sessions, laboratories are additional features expected by the students.

Indian MBBS colleges can offer all the elegant services and facilities for the students, but the inadequate Govt seats cause disqualification of a vast number of students. Even though private medical colleges are equivalently supreme, not all of them touch the same benchmark set by selective private institutes.

Foreign countries have top-class medical programs at economical rates. Students are recommended to opt for MBBS abroad if they don’t get the top Indian colleges’ seats.
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